Making Sense of the Appraisal ProcessOne's home purchase can be the largest investment many people may ever make. Whether it's where you raise your family, a seasonal vacation property or one of many rentals, purchasing real property is a detailed transaction that requires multiple parties to make it all happen.
Most people are familiar with the parties having a role in the transaction. The most known face in the transaction is the real estate agent. Next, the mortgage company provides the financial capital needed to fund the transaction. The title company sees to it that all aspects of the transaction are completed and that a clear title transfers to the buyer from the seller.
So who makes sure the property is consistent with the purchase price? In comes the appraiser. We provide an unbiased estimate of what a buyer could expect to pay - or a seller receive - for a parcel of real estate, where both buyer and seller are informed parties. A professional Tennessee licensed appraiser from Roler Appraisal Services will ensure you as an interested party are informed.
The inspection is where an appraisal beginsOur first responsibility at Roler Appraisal Services is to inspect the property to ascertain its true status. We must see features hands on, such as the number of bedrooms and bathrooms, the location, amenities, etc., to ensure they truly are present and are in the condition a reasonable buyer would expect them to be. To make sure the stated square footage is accurate and convey the layout of the property, the inspection often entails creating a sketch of the floor plan. Most importantly, we look for any obvious features - or defects - that would affect the value of the property.
Back at the office, an appraiser employs two or three approaches when determining the value of the property: a paired sales analysis, a replacement cost calculation, and an income approach when rental properties are prevalent.
Cost ApproachHere, we analyze information on local construction costs, the cost of labor and other factors to calculate how much it would cost to construct a property nearly identical to the one being appraised. This figure usually sets the upper limit on what a property would sell for. It's also the least used method.
Analyzing Comparable SalesAppraisers become very familiar with the communities in which they appraise. We thoroughly understand the value of specific features to the homeowners of that area. Then, the appraiser researches recent sales in the neighborhood and finds properties which are 'comparable' to the subject at hand. By assigning a dollar value to certain items such as upgraded appliances, extra bathrooms, an additional living area, quality of construction, lot size, we add or subtract from each comparable's sales price so that they more accurately match the features of subject property.
Valuation Using the Income ApproachA third way of valuing a house is sometimes used when a neighborhood has a reasonable number of renter occupied properties. In this case, the amount of revenue the real estate generates is taken into consideration along with income produced by comparable properties to give an indicator of the current value.
Arriving at a Value ConclusionAnalyzing the data from all applicable approaches, the appraiser is then ready to put down an estimated market value for the property in question. The estimate of value at the bottom of the appraisal report is not necessarily the final sales price even though it is likely the best indication of a property's value Prices can always be driven up or down by extenuating circumstances like the motivation or urgency of a seller or 'bidding wars'. Regardless, the appraised value is typically employed as a guideline for lenders who don't want to loan a buyer more money than the property is actually worth. It all comes down to this: An appraiser from Roler Appraisal Services will guarantee you get the most accurate property value, so you can make wise real estate decisions.